Research topic overview
Late 1800's-early 1900's
Battle of Little Big Horn- Colonel George Custer’s Last Stand: The U.S. Calvary fought the Sioux and Cheyenne Indians which would be the last major Native Americans victory.
Cattle drives- In the mid to late 1800’s many cattle were driven from Texas to the railroads of Kansas and Missouri. Chisholm Trail was a main route.
Child Labor- When the U.S. experienced their industrial revolution, many children worked long hours for low pay.
Cowboys- worked long hours for little pay driving cattle to the railroads of the Midwest
Ellis Island- the main immigration processing center in New York during the huge wave of Southern and Eastern European immigration in the late 1800’s thru mid 1900’s
Angel Island- the main immigration processing center off San Francisco for Asian immigrants
Hull House- settlement house in Chicago founded by Jan Addams for immigrants and the poor
Muckrakers- Progressive journalist that wrote about the problems in society in hopes of reform an example is Upton Sinclair’s book The Jungle.
NAACP- National Association for the Advancement of Colored People founded in 1909 with W. E. B. DuBois as one of the founders
Oklahoma Land Rush- in 1889 the last major land rush in the U.S., giving plots of land according to the Homestead Act
Panama Canal- T. Roosevelt commissioned the building after others failed to shorten the trip from the U.S. East Coast to the West Coast. There were many obstacles.
Progressive Movement- the reform movement in the late 1800’s and early 1900’s to rid the U.S. of problems in society- then need for reform and government intervention
Spanish American War- A four month war in 1898 between the Cubans with the U.S.’s help against the Spanish for freedom. The U.S. emerged a world power.
Sweatshops- factories in the U.S. where men, women, and children slaved for long hours and low pay.
U.S. Industrialization- in the late 1800’s when the U.S. built factories and industrialized
Harlem Hell Fighters- African American regiment in WWI that earned the French Croix De Guerre for bravery.
Lusitania- British ship sunk by German a U Boat with U.S. passengers while the U.S.was still neutral in WWI. Many U.S. citizens cried to join the war against Germany.
Russian Revolution- Russia made peace with Germany during WWI because they were having their own civil war. Czar Nicholas and Czarina Alexandra with their children and some servants were shot and killed by the Bolsheviks at their cottage in Siberia.
Trench warfare- the heinous battles during WWI in which men fought in trenches, living with rats and spreading diseases. Poisonous gas was used; there were many deaths.
Dust Bowl- The farmers living in the Great Plains faced economic hardship when their farms became dust in the midst of the Great Depression in the 1930’s.
New Deal- President Franklin Roosevelt’s plan for relief during the Great Depression
Prohibition- the 18th Amendment that prohibits the manufacturing, selling, and buying of alcohol which gave rise to the mafia and corruption
Sacco and Vanzetti Trial- famous trial of who were tried and convicted of killing a paymaster and guard in Boston with very little evidence and sentenced to death
Scopes Trial- famous trial in 1925 in Tennessee in which a school teacher is convicted and found guilty for teaching the Theory of Evolution
A Bomb- the making, testing, dropping, and destruction of the atomic bomb on two Japanese cities by the U.S. to end WWII
Auschwitz- the notorious death and experimentation camp run by the Nazis during WWII in Poland
Bergen-Belsen- another notorious death camp run by the Nazi during WWII
Code talkers- Native Americans that used their Navajo and Apache languages to transmit messages during WWII in the Pacific Theater.
Dachau- another notorious death camp run by the Nazi during WWII
D-Day/Normandy Invasion- the Allied invasion of Normandy, France during WWII to gain a foothold on continental Europe. There were many U.S. deaths.
Experiments at concentration camps- gruesome experiments were performed on prisoners in Nazi concentration camps during WWII.
Home front during WWII- the U.S. citizens were working hard on the home front to help the U.S. war effort.
Pearl Harbor- the December 7, 1941 sneak attack by the Japanese on Pearl Harbor pulled the U.S. into WWII.
Tuskegee Airman-U.S. Army Air Force African American fighter pilots during WWII,receiving many awards and medals
USS Indianapolis- U.S. ship carried the dismantled A Bomb components to Tinian Island after the drop off it was sunk in the Pacific with no radio. Men were in the water three days before being rescued.
Post WWII Era
Apollo11- first manned spaceflight to land on the moon
Berlin Airlift- after WWII the U.S. and its Allies airlifted supplies to West Berlin because East Germany blocked all roads into West Berlin.
Camp David Accords- President Jimmy Carter acted as mediator between Isreal’s Menachem Begin and Egypt’s Anwar Sadat in peace talks in 1978.
Civil Rights- the movement for African American civil rights starting in the 1950’s.
Cuban Missile Crisis- during JFK’s presidency the Soviet Union set up missiles in Cuba aimed at the U.S.
Fall of the Berlin Wall- in 1989 with the European countries under Soviet control nationals were protesting for freedom the Berlin Wall came crumbling down.
Fear of nuclear war- after WWII the Soviets successfully tested the A Bomb then H Bomb U.S. citizens feared a nuclear war with the Soviet Union.
Kennedy Assassination- President JFK was assassinated in Dallas Texas during a parade. There has been much controversy over the assassination.
Kent State Protest- during the Vietnam War many college students were protesting against the war, at Kent State four students were shot and killed during a protest.
Korean War- war between communist North Korea in which the U.S. entered to prevent a take over of South Korea by the North.
Montgomery Bus Boycott- the successful bus boycott in which African Americans in the South obtain rights such as riding on the bus in the front.
September 11, 2001- the terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center, Pentagon, and possible White House by Osama bin Laden.
Soviet Union collapses- in 1991 communist Soviet Union collapses giving rise to democracy
Sputnik- in the 1957 the Soviet Union launched the first artificial satellite into space
The Little Rock Nine- in 1957 in Little Rock, Arkansas the all white high school was forced to integrate. There were many protests as the world watched on the nightly news.
U.S. Hostages in Iran-in 1979 Iranian militants took U.S. hostages at the U.S. embassy in Tehran for 444 days.
Vietnam Soldiers Missing in Action- U.S. soldiers missing in the Vietnam War
Vietnam War- U.S. sent advisor to Vietnam starting in the 1950’s to help prevent it from becoming communist. In 1964 LBJ sent troops, the U.S. finally pulled out in1974 amid many protests in the U.S.
Watergate Scandal- in 1972 President Richard Nixon sent aides to spy on the democrats at the Watergate Hotel and was caught. He resigned because of the incident.